Strip mine land
After studying the data and pinpointing 30 switchgrass ecotypes that performed best, the team will plant an additional 1, seedlings this summer. University of Algarve. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Enormous vehicles with engines that drown out all natural sounds shuttle back and forth in the hole, taking coal to a crusher. Word Games Where in the World? When the hole is filled, carefully hoarded topsoil is spread on the surface. Strip mining on a grand scale is a young industry in the West, a region long associated with the hard-rock underground mining of gold and silver.
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But Long-Term Effects Are Uncertain : Strip Miners Restore a Scarred Land
What made you want to look up strip mine? Federal law permits states to enforce the mining act. Time Traveler for strip mine The first known use of strip mine was in See more words from the same year. See more words from the same year. The naturally established vegetation and soil properties were studied prior to reclamation.
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But Long-Term Effects Are Uncertain : Strip Miners Restore a Scarred Land - Los Angeles Times
But without adequate disclosure and monitoring, Barkley and other critics say, future groundwater or soil contamination could result. The land can be sold while still under bond, and the new owners must abide by bond conditions like maintaining a certain number of trees on the property. If the coal were trucked 50 miles to an electric utility, reclamation costs would have averaged 4. How far along is reclamation? Learn More about strip mine. Glantz, , Methods and costs for stabilizing fine-sized mineral wastes: U.
Part of the land has to be contoured, Johns said, and another portion is currently being mined. See mining and coal mining. Subscribe to our newsletter. The Surface Mine Control and Reclamation Act of put regulations in place that require coal companies to restore the land after they are done mining to prevent groundwater contamination, control erosion, and get rid of other hazards. Word Games Where in the World? Written By: William Andrew Hustrulid.